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Concourse 2

Cause and effect

lighter fire
the cause and the effect
Lighting the wood started the fire

When one thing makes another thing happen, we can join the two with some special words (conjunctions).  In this lesson we look at these:

so
this joins two sentences, like this:
Cause Effect
rain umbrella
It was raining so she took her umbrella
Sentence Sentence
because
this joins two sentences, like this:
Cause Effect
cold gloves
Because it was very cold she wore her gloves
Sentence + Sentence
or like this:
Effect Cause
gloves cold
She wore her gloves because it was very cold
Sentence Sentence
because of
joins a noun to a sentence, like this:
Cause Effect
storm wait
Because of the storm her plane was late
Noun + Sentence
or like this:
Effect Cause
wait storm
Her plane was late because of the storm
Sentence Noun
owing to
joins a noun to a sentence, like this:
Cause Effect
snow late
Owing to the snow he was late to work
Noun + Sentence
or like this
Effect Cause
late snow
He was late to work owing to the snow
Sentence Noun
due to
joins a noun to a sentence, like this:
Cause Effect
rain flood
Due to the rain the road was closed
Noun + Sentence
or like this
Effect Cause
flood rain
The road was closed due to the rain
Sentence Noun

think write Task 1: What is the rule?
How do we use these words.  Look again at the examples and write three rules.
Click here when you have done that.
think write Task 2: Now take a test.

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