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Concourse 2

Types of Words

types of words

Why is this important?

When you understand the different sorts of words in English, you can:

  • understand what you read better

  • use better grammar

  • understand a dictionary better

  • ask better questions

read think This is the list.  Look at the examples and try to remember the names of the types of words.

The type of word Examples
nouns – words for people and things Mary
laptop
pen
paper
President
Germany
That is Mary
My laptop is new
That's her pen
Give me the paper
He is the President
Germany is in Europe
verbs – words for doing, feeling, having etc. go
smoke
lift
be
have
hope
She's going home
Do you smoke?
I can't lift it
I am at home now
I have three brothers
I hope the sun will shine
adjectives – words for describing nouns happy
new
comfortable
blue
pretty
interesting
She is happy
We have a new cat
The comfortable armchair
The blue dress
The pretty house
It's an interesting book
adverbs – words for describing verbs and adjectives sadly
very
often
carefully
loudly
honestly
He talked sadly
That's very good
I often go
Drive carefully
Don't speak loudly
I honestly don't know
determiners – words for talking about nouns a, an, the
this, that, those, these
five, six seven
some, a few, little
any, lots of, many
both, my, her
It's a difficult lesson
This book is wonderful
Five people came
Would you like some wine?
Have you got any money?
Both brothers are here.
pronouns – words which stand for nouns he, she, it
we, you they
them, those, us
who, what, something
anything, nothing, everyone
him, his, mine
He is coming later
You forgot her name
Can you help us?
Who is the man in black?
Everyone helped
That's not mine, it's his
prepositions – words which tell us where or when of, without, in front of
after, before, during
between, at, from
across, by, near
opposite, under, above
towards, through, up
I came without my glasses
I was in England during April
It is at the corner
She walked across the road
It was under the newspaper
I cycled through the park
conjunctions – words which join together and
because
if
but
so
after
I went home and had a bath
I came because you asked me
Ask him if he wants to come
I like it but it's expensive
It was raining so I took a taxi
I came after Mary telephoned me
interjections – words for the sounds we make ouch
ugh
oh
psst
hey
wow
Ouch, that's hot!
Ugh.  The milk's gone bad.
Oh!  That's beautiful.
Psst!
Hey, that's my money.
Wow, what a great car.

 

Now try a test to see if you can remember.

 


double

One word, two types

Words can sometimes come in more than one type.

 
think write Look at these examples and try to write what kind of word is in black.
Then click on the eye open see the answers.

 

Please book a room for me at the hotel
Please give me that book
eye open
In the first sentence, the word book is a verb.
In the second sentence the word book is a noun.
There are many words in English that are both nouns and verbs.  For example, garden, smoke, cut, break, help, paper, print etc.
It’s a tidy desk
I must tidy my desk
eye open
In the first sentence, the word tidy is an adjective describing a desk.
In the second sentence the word tidy is a verb.
He came home before she went out
He came home before 6
eye open
In the first sentence, the word before is a conjunction.
In the second sentence the word before is a preposition.
The word
after can also be a conjunction and a preposition.


Determiners

In many books, determiners are divided into some different sorts of words.  It looks like this:

determiners

Try this test to see if you can remember this.